Pre-diabetes is a condition that leads up to the development of type 2 diabetes. It is described as the “gray area” between normal blood sugar level and diabetic level. Patients in this stage are at risk of developing cardiovascular complications and type 2 diabetes. It is a critical stage which most or all patient did not know they had before it developed into type 2 diabetes. (a very decisive stage)
When your family has a history of diabetes, it is best to know the risk factors that can trigger the development of pre-diabetes symptoms, such as the following:
* Family history of diabetes
* Impaired glucose level or metabolic syndrome (a combination of different types of medical disorder that can increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes)
* Increased triglycerides levels
* Low levels of good cholesterol
* Overweight or obesity
* Women who had gestational diabetes or had high birth weight babies.
* Cardiovascular diseases like the following below:
Angina – a pain felt in the chest due to insufficient blood supply to the heart.
Arrhythmia – an irregular rhythmic beating of the heart that may indicate a serious problem and lead to heart disease, stroke or sudden cardiac death.
Atherosclerosis – the blood vessels narrow and harden through build-up of plaque in the walls of arteries. Plaques are made up of deposited fats and cholesterol.
Cardiomyopathy – a disease in which inflamed the heart muscles and doesn’t work well.
Congestive heart failure – heart’s pumping ability diminishes due to blockage or restriction of blood flow.
Coronary artery disease – refers to atherosclerosis in the coronary arteries.
Carotid artery disease – atherosclerosis is in the arteries that supply blood to the brain.
Endocarditis – infection of the heart’s inner lining (endocardium) and valves.
Coronary thrombosis myocardial infarction known as heart attack – the heart muscles stop functioning due to loss of blood flow.
High blood pressure – the heart pumps blood in a loop through the body, out through the arteries, back through the veins.
Hypercholesterolemia – chronic high level of cholesterol in the blood.
Mitral valve prolapse – one or both valve flaps are enlarges and some of their supporting “string” may be too long.
Peripheral artery disease – occurs when arteries outside the heart and brain are blocked.
Stroke – occur when blood vessel that carry oxygen and nutrients to the brain are either blocked by a blood clot (thrombosis or embolism)or blood burst.
Determining the risk factors of Pre-diabetes symptoms and avoiding them is the best method in the prevention of diabetes. Maintaining a good healthy diet plus exercise is the best way to avoid any kind of diseases to develop.